The case ignites Florida, causing a growing indignation throughout the country. And for the first time, Friday, March 23, President Barack Obama spoke in the tone of emotion: the murder of a young Black man by a white man is "a tragedy". "If I had a son, it would look like Trayvon," he told the president, demanding a full investigation into this tragedy.
February 26, while returning home after buying sweets, Trayvon Martin, 17, was shot by George Zimmerman, who was conducting patrols in his neighborhood, a residential area on the outskirts of Orlando, Florida. Trayvon Martin was unarmed.
Central to the debate that drives the U.S.: "Stand on your ground" understanding "fight back". This law, called pictorially "first pull" by its detractors, relaxing the rules for exercising self-defense. According to the text of the State of Florida from 2005, an individual is not prosecuted if he believes "that in all reason, such force is necessary to protect himself or others from imminent death or significant injury. " "In many states, the disagreement on this law controversy has lasted for years but attracts the attention of prosecutors, lawyers and activists supporters of weapons," notes the Washington Post in a blog post. It is precisely this act of self-defense invoked by George Zimmerman, 28, and Hispanics, currently free.
The U.S. Department of Justice, the attorney for the Central District of Florida and the FBI are investigating. A grand jury, that the indictment is scheduled to meet April 10 to decide whether the charges are sufficient to prosecute George Zimmerman.
Besides the debate over this law, it is the circumstances of the murder who question the facts remain unclear. Why Trayvon Martin represented there a danger when he was clearly on the phone with his girlfriend at the time of the murder? "This appeal, counsel for the family of 17 year old, is proof that man did not shoot in self-defense but was in fact himself the aggressor," reports the LA Times. The survey of local police is also strongly criticized. In Florida, "anger over the work done by the police reflects years of tension and frustration about how blacks are treated by the authorities" in the neighborhood of Orlando, says the LA Times over a reporting.
A few months before the presidential election, the matter becomes policy on a background of growing population misunderstanding: demonstrations take place daily in Florida and the movement is now spreading to other cities, including New York. More than one million signatures were also collected on the site change.org to request the indictment of Mr. Zimmerman.
It is in this context that Barack Obama intervened. When asked, during the announcement of the candidate of the United States at the World Bank, the President did not seem annoyed as is often the case when questions are raised off the subject by reporters, said a political blog from the New York Times. "I think we all need to conduct an examination of conscience to understand how such a thing can happen, and that means that we examine the laws and the context," Obama said. "[The parents of Martin Trayvon] have reason to expect that all of us, as Americans, take this matter seriously as it deserves, and we get to the bottom of things that have happened" , Obama has yet estimated.
"But the president could not sit idly by while the blacks are too timid when it comes to recognize the injustices, including economic, against them, the corresponding analysis of the World United States , Corine Lesnes on his Big Picture blog. What is surprising, however, the tone adopted by Obama: personal and emotional. "This is a strong political message, notes the Washington Post, this brief note is a figure of rare cases when Obama speaks to the nation as an African-American and father of two children, "notes the blog yet The New York Times.
The challenge for Obama, however, to avoid political controversy regarding a racial issue, the New York Times analysis: in 2009 he found the work of the police "stupid" during the questioning of a black professor at Harvard. He must have, a little later, the symbolic use and invite the teacher and the police officer to drink beer at the White House.