March 15 is the anniversary of the unrest in Syria. For a year conflict between government forces and opposition caused many deaths and injuries, and in some areas, the humanitarian condition deteriorated. Although an attempt to resolve the crisis through political dialogue exists, the change in the situation is still many difficulties.
March 15 of last year, protests against the government erupted in several places in Syria, and they caused bloody conflicts between government forces and the oposition, which plunged then the security situation in the country in trouble. Even until today, the situation agitated Syria has not yet expired.
The situation of conflict between the partisans of the government and the opposition people are still very severe. On 15 March this year, in Damascus, Syrian capital, and other Syrian cities, millions of protesters took to the streets and main squares to express their support for the government's reform plan.
In Damascus, tens of thousands of people carried high the national flag and a portrait of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, and chanted slogans like "support the reform" and "No outside interference" . Meanwhile, the Syrian government troops and armed opposition forces continued to exchange gunfire. The government army launched an offensive against the violent areas controlled by armed opposition forces. Following Baba Amr area of Homs province, government forces took 14 of the current month Idlib province.
Currently both sides are engaging in a fierce struggle in the province Deraa. The bloody conflict that lasted one year have already seriously affected the economic and social life in Syria. President of the Assembly of the UN, Nassir Abdulaziz al-Nasser, said March 12 that at least 8,000 people have died in conflicts past year. According to figures released earlier by the UN until the end of last year, 7,500 people were killed in violent conflicts. They have made it even worse humanitarian situation in parts of Syria. Moreover, in some areas of conflict, lack of medicines and foodstuffs has led to the departure of large numbers of refugees.
According to a relevant department of Turkey, the number of registered Syrian refugees in Turkey has already reached 14,000. To ease the situation of internally agitated, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad had released several reform measures. Especially the proposed new constitution was adopted in February by the référendom. The new Constitution abolished the single party states that the president will be elected directly by the people and that there will be several candidates for the presidency.
March 13, Bashar al-Assad ordered the decision to organize the May 7 parliamentary elections. It is also one of the reforms envisaged by the power of President Bashar al-Assad to attract opposition. However, the Syrian opposition and some Arab and Western countries are not satisfied with the reform measures, and they continue to demand the departure of President Bashar al-Assad. Now, the international community seeks a solution to the Syrian crisis. The special envoy of the UN and the Arab League,, made the last days of mediation between the parties concerned.
Ahmad Fawzi, spokesman for the office of Kofi Annan, said March 15 that Mr. Annan still maintains contacts with the Syrian government by persuading him to accept the proposal, and that the door to dialogue remains open. The same day, Mr.Annan had telephone conversations with Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al Muallem and government officials of other interested countries. 10 of the current month, Mr. Annan held talks in Damascus with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and made for the occasion, to address adequately, several proposals including the cessation of violance and killing, the providing a channel to humanitarian organizations and initiating a political dialogue that includes all stakeholders.
Mr. Annan said in Geneva on March 14 in a written statement that the Syrian government had made a detailed response to his proposal, but he has doubts about his answer and he is waiting for clarification of Syrian government. According to Western diplomats at the UN, Annan will present on March 16, through a television meeting, the report on her trip to Syria to the Security Council.