Psychologists and Torture, Then and Now
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Psychologists and Torture, Then and Now

New York City : NY : USA | Mar 04, 2012 at 12:54 AM PST
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History repeats itself, Marx famously warned, first as tragedy and then as farce. In the case of U.S. torture psychologists, the “tragedy” occurred half a century ago when CIA-funded psychological research on electroshock treatment, sensory deprivation, and the like found its way into the Agency’s counterintelligence interrogation manual. The 1963 KUBARK Manual and its later iterations were used widely by U.S. intelligence and disseminated to other governments in Latin America and Southeast Asia.

The “farce” was played post-9/11, as psychologists became involved once again in aiding counterintelligence interrogators. Although some of the material in KUBARK remained in use, psychologists augmented already-existing material with newer techniques, some of which had been developed from torture resistance protocols used to train U.S. military personnel to survive capture and interrogation themselves. Thus, as Katherine Eban has reported, discoveries initially applied to help possible torture victims were later used to break interrogation subjects held in U.S. custody. Psychologists were complicit in designing and using techniques to break subjects rather than aid them, and in so doing they made a mockery of their ethical obligation to “do no harm.”

You can read the full article here:

http://www.truth-out.org/psychologists-and-torture-then-and-now/1330792502

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Public Accountability for U.S. Doctors and Psychologists Involved in Torture
For the past few years, Harvard Law School's International Human Rights Clinic has played a critical role in the grassroots push for accountability for U.S. health professionals involved in torture.
Stephanie Sklar is based in Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America, and is an Anchor for Allvoices.
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