The International Criminal Court (ICC) issued Thursday, March 1 an arrest warrant against the Sudanese defense minister, Abdelrahim Mohammad Hussein for "crimes against humanity" and "war crimes" committed against the civilian population of Darfur .
This decision was made public by the judges, who have thus acceded to a request by prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo dated 2 December 2011. The defense minister is suspected of being the "indirect co" of thirteen counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes including murder, persecution, inhumane acts, rape and looting. Interior Minister of the Government of Sudan from 2001 to 2005 and special representative of President Omar al-Bashir in Darfur from 2003 to 2004, Mr. Hussein, 60, is suspected as the arrest warrant for bringing a " essential contribution to the development and implementation "of a campaign" counterinsurgency "developed at the highest level of the Sudanese government.
The campaign was waged against rebel groups in Darfur in western Sudan and also against civilians considered close to these groups. Mr. Hussein would have provided such "general coordination of security organs operating at the country level, states and localities, and the recruitment, arming and funding of police and militia." These crimes were allegedly committed between 2003 and 2004, when the janjaweed militia and Sudanese armed forces have carried out attacks against particular cities Kodoom, Bindisi, Mukjar and Arawala targeting civilians belonging primarily to the ethnic Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa.
THE PRESIDENT DOES NOT RECOGNIZE THE JURISDICTION OF THE ICC
The prosecutor of the ICC investigation in Darfur since 2005 under a resolution of the Security Council of the UN. This area is for nine years facing a civil war that killed more than 300,000 dead and 2.7 million displaced, according to UN figures. The Sudanese authorities also argue the death toll at 10,000. With Mr. Hussein, six suspects, including President Omar al-Bashir and the Janjaweed militia leader Ali Kosheib, also continued. But Sudanese President does not recognize the jurisdiction of the ICC, it also defies traveling abroad especially in countries signatories of the Rome Statute, the Court's founding treaty, and who have yet committed to cooperate with the latter.
Two Darfur rebel leaders, Abdallah Banda and Saleh Jerbo are also being prosecuted by the ICC. They are suspected of being behind an attack against a mission of maintaining peace on the basis of Haskanita in North Darfur, which had twelve deaths in 2007. They are free pending their trial for war crimes.