When a woman found positive test that she has become pregnant she may not think about the risks associated with it and specially risks for having a premature baby. And how to prevent from such possible hurdles aren't keep at the top of a new going to be mom's to-do list. When you find out that you’re expecting a baby, there are much more exciting plans to choosing nursery school, decorations, registering for baby equipment, narrowing down name choices, and planning coming home parties are all part of the excitement of being pregnant. For last few decades concern of public health is amazingly increasing among civil society to policy maker of developing countries whereas developed countries already have been paying sincere attention towards the issues. Mostly Asian and African countries have different types of challenges in public health where specially shaded since long and went away as low priorities issues. Among many challenges neonatal deaths counts a major. Diarrhea, maternal HIV infections, Anemia, Respiratory governing factors of such deaths and study revealed premature births are one major underlying for this. In nearly 40 percent of premature births, the causes govern for that is not known yet. But people who involved in research have traced some development in learning the causes of immature births of babies. And further, Studies revealed four main leading to impulsive premature births such as infections, maternal or fetal stress, bleeding and uterus may become overstretched by the presence of more than one baby. Other factors, such as multiple pregnancy, inductions and cesarean sections, can also play a role. But knowledge about these four routes may help scientists develop more effective interventions that can halt the various chemical cascades that lead to premature birth. On the other hand, those births, born earlier few weeks have a more risk of health problems in infancy and supports infant deaths count. Generally births take place in 40 weeks of pregnancy and after 37 weeks birthing may not causes any harm doctors said. And those babies will have similar capacity to those who born at 40 weeks pregnancy, the comparison has concluded after 14,000 a team from Leicester, Liverpool, Oxford and Warwick and the National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit has involved to carry out study on the subject either to think of babies as either being born at term or premature which was analyzed among children born around 10 years back and for age of 5 years. In developing countries, early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, poor access to health facilities and unavailability of contraceptives are also remarkable causes of immature births and deaths of neonatal and infants. Therefore, Planning for a healthy pregnancy is most important part of hopeful motherhood. Preterm birth is a major health problem, and one that is increasing. Because preterm birth is such a problem, scientists are working hard to figure out who is most at risk among many, how to diagnose preterm labor earlier possible, and how to prevent birth when labor starts early. So, it would be rather better to consult to skills health workers about possible risk factors and what one pregnant can do to reduce or eliminate the risks.