Nutrition Challenges in Developing World

Nutrition Challenges in Developing World

Kathmandu : Nepal | Feb 09, 2012 at 8:02 PM PST
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The world has achieved on the one hand many things but the developing world has problem to feed its new born babies and pregnant women too. Especially , in South Asia and Africa many new born babies and pregnant women are suffering from different types of disorders that caused by deficiency of iodine, vitamin A and iron and figures counted one of every five persons in the developing world is chronically undernourished. And 192 million children suffer from PEM and over 2000 million experience micronutrient deficiencies. In addition, diet-related non-communicable diseases such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes and some forms of cancer exist as well are emerging as public health problems. Generally, large audience would not like to hear such news as this news can not create amusement but adds sorrows and pain. On the other hand, these people who are suffering these circumstances can not resolve the consequences associated with it alone. Moreover, they do not have analysis power / access to address causes underlying for the result.

Major underlying causes, those people, who still have to go far ahead to achieve nutritional status as mentioned by MDGs. Major causes which hurdles poor people as production many people do not have their own land or access to produce desirable foodstuff and lack of technologies, poor reach of preservation and processing of agricultural products to add economic values, growing family members of household which refers both to child spacing in a family and also to population density in a local area and in a country and political instability.

Equally, poor food practices and health care are also governing factors of underweight birth, premature birth, pregnancy anemia and birth of anemic child. And poor healthy practices are found environmentally too such as mould food. Foreign body contamination (hair, metal, wood, glass) .and unfit food (decomposing). Not only have these but sale of out of dated food, poor quality of food, contaminated food and without food labeling also. All these are common in developing countries. In this regards, awareness can play a vital role but it only won't be instrumental for sustainable changes. Therefore, investment in education , enhance access in tools of production , link with markets and provides appropriate prices of agricultural goods can be taken as key factors to eradicate poverty and status of under nutrition.

In South Aisa region, many young and children gets passing away due to improper food habit and consumption. India only counted 143 deaths in last December and recently 20 people who are almost poorest of poor. And government has announced some relief schemes through grant but such grants how can work for their betterment if they do not have land for production, they do not have skills to read and write and they do not have access in resources to uplift living mechanism. Doubtlessly, developing countries will have more challenges

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Feeding Malnourished Children
Many develpment agencies have been providing support to feed Malnourished Children and maintain nutritional status well.
Dadhi Aryal is based in Kathmandu, Kathmandu, Nepal, and is a Reporter on Allvoices.
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