Em a new show of the growing tension between Argentina and Britain, the Argentine president Cristina Kirchner repudiated the sending of a British ship to the Falklands (the British call the Falklands) and said his country will denounce London before the UN for the "militarization" of the Atlantic Sul.Mas what does this mean in practice? The BBC explains the possible impacts of renewed tension on the eve of the 30th anniversary of the war fought by Argentina and Britain for sovereignty archipelago.
What measures will be taken by Argentina?
Cristina Kirchner promised to make a complaint before the Security Council (SC) of the UN denounced Britain for "militarizing" the South Atlantic
For the Spaniard Carlos Esposito, professor of Public International Law at the Autonomous University of Madrid, the Argentine abuse content would fundamentally political, not legal.
Esposito says that CS can investigate complaints - which can be initiated by any Member State of the UN - and these can be derived at resolutions binding.
But this only happens if the contents of the complaint has political support from council members - particularly the permanent members, U.S., France, Russia, China, Britain - and if the case is seen as a threat to peace or an act of aggression (as provided for in Article 39 of the UN Charter).
What is the possibility of the Argentine protest to be successful at the UN?
It is small, if this possibility exists. Argentina knows that, as a permanent member of the CS, Britain has the right to veto any resolution against it mesma.No However, for the Argentine Marcelo Kohen, Professor of International Law Institute of International Studies and Development in Geneva , a veto by Britain would also have political costs.
Kohen cites the recent veto of China and Russia to the resolution - which was backed by the West and the Arab countries - condemning repression in Syria. Both countries have been criticized by the veto.
What was the response of the British gover
London rejects the accusations, and British Prime Minister , Buenos Aires even accused of having an attitude "colonialist" before the archipelago.
Cameron's government also rejected the accusations of militarization of the Atlantic, but said he has a commitment to the defense of the islands.
In a statement, British Foreign Ministry said that "the inhabitants of the Falkland Islands are British by choice. They are free to determine their own future and there will be no negotiations with Argentina over the sovereignty, unless the islanders want it."
What would be the next step in Argentina if your complaint is not proceeding in CS? Anticipating the rejection of his complaint in the Security Council, Cristina Kirchner said he will also take their protest to be analyzed before the UN General Assembly.
Kohen explained that in the General Assembly vote on all UN member countries, and there is no right of veto. The sessions begin in the House setembro.A House has already addressed the issue in 1965, when it adopted resolution 2065 (followed by others), recognizing the existence of a sovereignty dispute between Argentina and Great Britain and urging both parties to seek a negotiated and peaceful solution.
Cristina Kirchner's announcement was stronger than expected?
The BBC Fregal Keane points out that before the speech of the president, speculated that it could announce an air lock for flights between Chile and the Falkland Islands to pass by Argentine air space - something that would bring many practical difficulties for the residents of the islands.
Keane notes that, by not taking this measure, the government indicates that it is seeking an immediate political effect, but that is focusing on a long-term diplomatic campaign.