The UN declared an end to the famine in Somalia.
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The UN declared an end to the famine in Somalia.

Mogadishu : Somalia | Feb 05, 2012 at 12:05 PM PST
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The Humanitarian Coordinator for that country's body, Mark Bowden, said that"the gains are fragile and revert if it continues to support. " A third of the population still lives in humanitarian emergencies.

The UN declared the state of Somalia suffered famine since last July 20 , but warned that 2.34 million people - nearly a third of the inhabitants of the country still live in a humanitarian emergency.

The country's food crisis, which hit with force to the southern regions, sent by the rains between October and December, which permitiern harvests, as well as humanitarian aid operations.

However, "The achievements are fragile and will be reversed if there continues to support "the country in the Horn of Africa, said the coordinator of UN Humanitarian Affairs for Somalia, Mark Bowden, in a statement issued in Nairobi.

" Millions of people still need food, clean water, shelter and other assistance to survive, and it expects the situation to deteriorate in May, "he said.

According to the Analysis Unit of Nutrition and Food Security in Somalia (FSNAU), linked to the UN, the number of people in humanitarian emergency fell from 4 to 2.34 million, representing 31% of the Somali population.

These 2.34 million inhabitants are "completely unable to meet their basic food and non food, "said the FSNAU in its latest report.

However, "the crisis is not over," warned the director general of the Organization of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the Brazilian José Graziano da Silva, during a press conference in Nairobi after visiting Somalia.

"We can not prevent droughts , but we can take steps to prevent not result in a famine. We have three months until the next rainy season, " he said.

The UN even declared a state of famine in six regions of southern Somalia, where 750,000 people were in danger of dying at the height of the crisis also affected the rest of the Horn of Africa, but less virulent.

Up to 13 million people came to need urgent humanitarian assistance in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti on the impact of the region's worst drought in sixty years, a figure now reduced to 9 million, according to FAO.

In the case of Somalia, the delicate humanitarian situation is aggravated also by the internal conflict plaguing the country for two decades.

Since 1991, when he was ousted dictator Mohamed Siad Barre, suffers a civil war and has no effective government in a country in the hands of tribal warlords, the radical Islamic al-Shabab militia and armed criminal gangs .

Al Shabab, a group linked to Al Qaeda, controls much of the south, which imposed harsh restrictions on aid agencies.

In that sense, Bowden admitted that "access to people in need will remain a major challenge," and urged the warring parties to " respect international humanitarian law and allow unconditional access to vulnerable people. "

The UN said the famine is declared in an area where at least 20% of the population suffers from an extreme lack of food, more than 30% suffer from acute malnutrition and mortality rates exceed two people per day per 10,000 people.

For such a phenomenon does not resurface in Somalia or the region, the Salesian Missions, a network of missionaries present in 134 countries (41 from Africa), today called on the international community "not to let your guard and do not forget the Horn of Africa.

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The UN declared an end to the famine in Somalia
The Humanitarian Coordinator for that country's body, Mark Bowden, said that "the gains are fragile and revert if it continues to support. " A third of the population still lives in humanitarian emergencies
Vicky247 is based in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, and is a Reporter on Allvoices.
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