Although Nicaragua's Constitution prevented the reelection of presidents, Daniel Ortega will take possession of power on Tuesday for the third time, the second row, so that will rule over the next five years.The leader of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) led the revolutionary movement that overthrew the dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza in 1979. Nicaragua was embroiled in civil war against US-backed rebels, the Contras during the Cold War. "At that time, much of the country was destroyed," considers the catedrátrico University of New York Alastair Smith, author of The Dictator's Handbook: Why Bad Behavior is Almost Always Good Politics (Manual of the dictator: why the bad behavior almost always a good policy). It introduced compulsory military service and food was rationed in the midst of an economic blockade ordered by Washington. Despite recent economic growth, poverty in Nicaragua is one of the largest in the Americas.After a transition to democracy, Ortega was defeated at the polls in 1990. Still influential in politics again achieved power in 2006, after nearly two decades of right-wing governments. The Constitution prevented him from submitting in 2011, but "its control over the judicial class helped him to annul the clause on the grounds it would breach their human rights," says Smith. The court concluded that that section of the Constitution was somehow unconstitutional. On November 6, was elected with 63% of the vote. He received 62 of the 90 seats contested, enough to reform the Constitution.
With a new image of a peaceful man, preaches a Nicaragua "Christian Socialist Solidarity" in a mainly Catholic country. It combines a morally conservative profile and neoliberalism in economic measures, with promises of tax benefits for employers. Changed green shirt guerrilla other light-colored, and sought loans and investments in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington.At the same time, declared his loyalty and friendship to the president of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, Fidel Castro and overthrow Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi."Ortega is undergoing a process of identification with strong Somoza. His lust for power has been much stronger than their principles," he said shortly before the election Dora Maria Tellez, the guerrilla who took the Palace of Congress in 1978 that resulted in the guerrillas.The 26 legislators of the opposition alliance Independent Liberal Party (PLI), the second most votes in the November elections, will not attend the inauguration as unconstitutional and fraudulent election of Ortega.