Published Thursday in London, a report by the parliamentary committee on development assistance, on Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, recommends asking more stringent conditions such as respect for civil liberties in both countries still plagued by violence.
The UK is the largest contributor of development aid to Rwanda.
Aid to Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi and account for 30 pc of the total UK development assistance until 2015.
Before the last elections in 2010, , now head of the coalition government, pledged to keep to protect the budget for development assistance.
A growing part is devoted to countries affected by conflict.
In its report, the committee on International Development approves this change, arguing that well-targeted programs to prevent conflict has finally come cheaper than having to deal with their consequences.
However, the report states that the recipient countries in also have a role to play.
For example Rwanda, in exchange for aid, should liberalize the media.
President justified the concentration of power in his hands to avoid, he said, a repeat of the genocide of Tutsis and massacres of moderate Hutus in 1994 to justify the concentration of power.
British governments have so far avoided openly criticizing President Paul Kagame.
Partly because of embarrassment for failing to stop the genocide.
But if London was pressing fully restore civil liberties in Rwanda, by threatening to suspend aid, Paul Kagame is able to break off diplomatic relations as it did a few years ago with Paris.
With the result for the United Kingdom a loss of influence in the Great Lakes region.
The report of the parliamentary committee is also concerned with violence against women and girls in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Corruption is also blamed.
The problem is that often the implementation of aid programs is entrusted to third parties making it more difficult controls.
The Labour Party in opposition endorsed the conclusions of the report.
Its spokesman for development assistance asked Andrew Mitchell to clarify the action of his ministry in countries with fragile regimes and plagued by violence.
Ivan Lewis insists that the aid reaches the people who need it most