GENEVA - «Al Hayat »
Malaria has long been described as the disease that killed five people, each born on the surface of the earth. In the command signal to the enormous proliferation of this disease, the mosquito-borne «Alonovljes» Anopheles Mosquito when Taks people. They live in the mosquito swamps and places where stagnant water.
The disease derives its name from scientists stench emanating from this type of water.The translation of the Latin name of the disease is «bad air» Malaria. Experienced disease control in the modern era are important stages, such as anti-muddy pools of water in the cities, which concluded the London of malaria completely for more than a century and a half.
In the fifties of the twentieth century and Stinath, carried the article «DDT» hope for the eradication of malaria, through the elimination of mosquito pools Soon, hope faded , with the emergence of resistance of mosquitoes to this article. And continued prevention subject to the effort to combat waste and improve sanitation, and improving irrigation canals, and improving water supply and purification, and raise the level of clean drinking water, as well as the procedures are still doubtful of its effectiveness, such as bed linen (called «bed net» in many dialects) Alamadmkhh materials chemical expel mosquitoes. He received these covers a lot of support from the «Foundation and the Bill & Melinda Gates» charity, especially in Africa.
Scarcity of medicines
Painful in the history of malaria is to ignore the modern medicine to them. The medicines have been derived from the eucalyptus trees are the basis of treatment for decades. Long been used as the sons of underdeveloped countries in Africa, Asia, eucalyptus leaves and bark, and Nqaa Gallia, in the treatment of this disease! Did not move science to discover new drugs for malaria, except when the growing U.S. military involvement in Vietnam after the middle of the last century. Continued efforts to make a vaccine for the prevention of the epidemic, small compared to the enormous size of the epidemic.
With the approach of 2011 of its conclusion, «WHO published report confirmed that malaria, despite the decline relatively, which killed 655 thousand people in 2010, living mostly in Africa. And affected the malaria mortality for children under the age of five years of age by 62 percent. The report recorded that these figures represent a decline of 5 percent, compared to 2009.
Monitoring the organization 216 million new malaria cases in 2010, nearly 81 percent of them in Africa, which is still home to the first epidemic of malaria, in addition to a host of other epidemics such as AIDS.
Since 2000, decreased deaths from malaria by 26 percent, according to the organization that they believed that this progress «important», but still below the target set by themselves, and the goal of reducing by half the spread of the epidemic.
Based on this failure, the re-organization of the objectives to be achieved by the year 2015, such as reducing malaria deaths to near zero, and reduce the spread by 75 percent as well.
In contrast, the organization was still determined to eradicate malaria in ten countries were not included in the list established by the same organization in 2008.
In order to finance the fight against malaria, a variety of international organizations was able to raise two billion dollars. This remains a sum much less than the amount that the organization believes Balzovernm to effectively combat malaria, which is five billion dollars a year, between 2010 and 2015.
With these funds, you can not endemic countries where malaria epidemic, to buy «nets» saturated with pesticides and to strengthen public protection plans related to this epidemic. In sub-Saharan Africa, these are the «nets» are available in 50 percent of households in 2011, although they were not available for only 3 percent of households in 2000.
Profits of the epidemic
Out of 99 countries where the disease is rampant, record 43 countries declined by more than half of new cases diagnosed during the last ten years.
In general, stresses «WHO» the need to make sure of the diagnosis through blood tests before starting treatment.
The number of blood test tools produced by the giant pharmaceutical companies, from 45 million in 2008 to 88 million in 2010. These figures mean that malaria generates huge profits on these companies, which have not known for their laboratories, scientists and Bhattha, their involvement in efforts to make a vaccine for the prevention of malaria.
According to estimates, threatening malaria in 2010, nearly 3.3 billion people, most of whom live in Africa and South-East Asia.
The majority of malaria deaths and a large (approximately 60 percent) of the total deaths in Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burkina Faso, Mozambique, Ivory Coast, Mali, and all of these countries belong to the African continent. In the context of its report referred to above, called «WHO» of rich and emerging countries, to impose a tax on tickets, using the returns to finance the fight against malaria