UN extends the Kyoto Protocol

UN extends the Kyoto Protocol

Durban : South Africa | Dec 11, 2011 at 7:18 AM PST
Views: Pending
Uncertainty around Kyoto Protocol at the COP 17

"Representatives of 190 countries agreed Sunday to extend beyond 2012 the landmark treaty to fight global warming. The negotiations lasted a little over two weeks."

This decision paves the way for the adoption of a "road map" for an agreement in 2015 on reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, as well as the implementation of a Green Fund, aimed at providing financial assistance to developing countries address climate change.

A decision on the future of the Kyoto Protocol, the only legally binding instrument, to limit emissions of greenhouse gases from most industrialized countries, was one of the key points of the climate summit in South Africa.

Developing countries, which are exempt from it, they strongly support it provides a "sealed wall" between the northern countries, who are responsible "historic" in the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere, and the rest of the planet.

The Protocol, signed in December 1997, entered into force in February 2005 and requires industrialized countries, with the notable exception of the United States that did not ratify, reduce their emissions of six substances responsible for global warming, mainly of CO2.

Delegates agreed on the launch of a second commitment period, which will concern mainly Europea. Canada Union, Japan and Russia have long noted that do not want to commit again.

One difference between the 27 European Union and India put in check the outcome of the conference. This difference was caused by a key on the main issue on the table at the conference: the creation of a legal regime that bind all the countries in the fight against climate change.

Europe called for the global legal system, which will be defined until 2015, is a "protocol" or an "instrument" with international legal force, while India claimed that it can be a "legal decision" lower-level legal . " How to give a blank check? How do I give a legally binding agreement the rights of 1,200 million people and others in the developing world? "he said in a heated speech the Environment Minister of India, who was supported by China, Brazil and the United States. "We're not talking about a lifestyle, but of survival," to ensure it will not accept legally claimed by Europe.

Europe won in El Salvador, small islands, Colombia and Chile. Both seemed to be gaining ground among members of the conference. "We live in highly vulnerable countries. On our island, a hurricane devastated in a few hours our economy. Our forests were devastated. All what we say, the most vulnerable planet to climate change, our people when we return? That did nothing to secure their future? "Said Karl Hood, head of the Grenadian delegation.

The meeting stood in the midst of high tension, but half hour later he returned to resume and the parties announced an agreement. "We have agreed”, said Environment Minister of India, Jayanthi Natarajan. The agreement was to change the version "legal decision" by a slightly stronger and two more words: "legally binding decision," said European Commissioner for Climate Connie Hedegaard.

Save the reef, the delegates of the 194-nation, exhausted after two weeks of intense meetings, preparing to pass a package of agreements on climate change.

The conference on Sunday became the largest of those held by the UN, and that lack of agreement is extended for two days and two nights of frantic meetings long beyond the expected. The aim of the conference is to meet commitments to limit the rise in global temperatures to a maximum of 2 º C. A study released at the conference indicated that current commitments to reduce emissions made ​​by countries are inadequate and lead to a warming of 3.5 degrees.

1 of 10
Brazil will press rich countries attending climate change talks in South Africa to renew their Kyoto protocol commitments
Brazil will press rich countries attending climate change talks in South Africa to renew their Kyoto protocol commitments
Vicky247 is based in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, and is a Reporter on Allvoices.
Report Credibility
  • Clear
  • Share:
  • Share
  • Clear
  • Clear
  • Clear
  • Clear

News Stories

  • Glimpse of hope from Durban

      Japan Times
    According to a road map called the Durban platform, adopted at COP17, the terms for the treaty will be agreed on by 2015 and the treaty will go into effect beginning in 2020. Although COP17 produced a concrete result, regrettably Japan did not play a...
  • Stern: Climate deal could pass Congress

      United Press International
    Congress could back a global treaty to cut greenhouse-gas emissions if China and India agree to proportional cuts, the chief U.S. climate-change envoy said...Climate Change Conference in Durban, South Africa, for major industrial and emerging...
  • What UN climate change talks agreed to in Durban

      Daily News & Analysis
    UN climate change talks in Durban, South Africa, agreed a package of measures early on Sunday that would eventually force all the world's polluters to take legally binding action to slow the pace of global changing. After more than two weeks of...
  • Durban Conference Delivers Breakthrough For Climate

    The European Union welcomes the agreement reached at the UN climate conference in Durban as a historic breakthrough in the fight against climate change. After two weeks of negotiations, the 195 Parties to the UN climate change convention agreed on a...
  • Canada to withdraw from Kyoto Protocol

      Al Jazeera English
    13 Canada will formally withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol on climate change, the country's minister of the environment has said, making it the first nation to pull out of the global treaty.  The protocol "does not represent a way forward for Canada"...
  • EU 'plays crucial role' in climate change breakthrough

      The independent
    Suggested Topics The world's biggest greenhouse gas emitters, China, the US and India, will be legally bound for the first time to cut their emissions in a new international climate change treaty to be signed by 2015 and to come into force by 2020.





More From Allvoices

Report Your News Got a similar story?
Add it to the network!

Or add related content to this report

Most Commented Reports

Use of this site is governed by our Terms of Use Agreement and Privacy Policy.

© Allvoices, Inc. 2008-2014. All rights reserved. Powered by PulsePoint.