Elouise Cobell, the heroine of the defense of American Indians, died at 65 from cancer, Sunday, October 16 in Great Falls (Montana) before his life's work is fully completed. After fourteen years of a bitter legal battle, the great-granddaughter of Chief Mountain Indian chief, had obtained in 2009 in federal court in Washington, a compensation of $ 3.4 billion for hundreds of thousands of Indians plundered . President Obama signed the end of 2010 the law endorsing the agreement ending the "class action" ("collective action"), the most massive - 400 000 complainants - never argued. But the appeals still pending prevent plaintiffs to collect damages awarded.
Child, Elouise Cobell heard the elders of his tribe of Blackfeet of Montana, discuss the money promised by the federal state and never paid. Graduate accounting had risen to the role as Treasurer of the Blackfeet. She was then discovered the embezzlement committed around the Trust fund, the fund established in the 1880s to manage the land allotted to Indians. At that time, Congress had sought to break the collective strength of the tribes by cutting the reserves in lots of 160 acres and attributing them individually. But the Indians, then being seen as "incapable" legally, the management of their properties had been entrusted to the federal government.