By declaring the rights of women are vital to world peace, the Nobel Committee awarded its annual peace prize on Friday to three indomitable women supporters against war and oppression - a Yemeni and two Liberians, including the president of that country.
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, the first woman chosen freely as a head of state in Africa, shared the prize worth $ 1.5 million with compatriot Leymah Gbowee, which promoted a shot of the sex of the `'in the efforts to conclude the civil war in Liberia and Tawakul Karman of Yemen, which he called his honor "a victory for the Arab spring. "
"We can not achieve democracy and lasting peace in the world unless women are given the same opportunities to influence the development of men at all levels of society," told reporters Thorbjoern Jagland Norwegian Nobel Committee Chairman.
"This is incredibly important to highlight an issue everywhere but particularly in Africa and the Arab world. "
Karman, a journalist for 32 years and a supporter of veteran, was a key figure in the protests in the capital Sanaa this year: "This is a victory for the spring Arabic in Tunis, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Yemen," said Reuters. "This is a message that the era of Arab dictatorships over." Typically, he was showing off in a central square in Sanaa for the departure of the Yemeni President of the veteran when he heard the news.
Johnson-Sirleaf, 72, a former World Bank economist dubbed the "Iron Lady" by opponents, called it a recognition of many years of his nation's "struggle for justice, peace and promoting development" from a decade brutal civil war. "I believe that both accept this on behalf of the Liberian people and the credit goes to the Liberian people," he said.
Gbowee, 39, was traveling in the United States. His women for peace movement is credited by some assistance ends the war in 2003. Starting with prayers and songs to a fish market, has also invited the wives and girlfriends of the leaders of the warring factions to refuse them sex until indicating their weapons.
Jagland rejected suggestions the panel could give a direction oblique to the election of Liberia on Tuesday, giving a boost to Johnson-Sirleaf, the premium in its bid for a second term. But he called the Karman award to a signal to the Arab autocrats who had time to go, as well as a warning to the new leaders to protect the rights of women.
"If you look at the spring Arabic, this is an issue crucial," told Reuters Jagland. "Unless you include women in development there, then they will fail ... I'm worried about what is going on in some of these countries. "So this is a clear message to those who are trying to develop the democracy that you have to take women on board. "
The Islamists have emerged strongly from the shadow of secular autocrats in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya and are well represented in the opposition movements in Yemen, Syria and elsewhere.Jagland, a former Norwegian prime minister, for example, was not criticizing Islam but the warning against abuse of religion to oppress women.
The trio, named by the Norwegian committee, four other members Whose are all women, only to follow dozen women Among 85 men to have won the prize over Previously ITS 110-year history.