One of the great scientific projects of the 21st century began their quest to observe the "Dawn of the Universe".
Alma telescope in Chile, the telescope is the largest, most complex ever built. Alma's mission is to study the process that occurs every few hundred million years after formation of the universe, when stars first began. From there, we can understand why the universe was formed today.
One of the astronomers responsible for scientific activities of the glass Alma, Dr. , said Alma has created a "new golden age for astronomy."
"We will see the beginning of the universe, the galaxies first formed like. We'll know a lot about the universe, "he said.
Alma telescope is made up of a series of giant antenna. The antenna is connected to each other atop the highest plateau in the Atacama desert, the desert is located close to Bolivia.
Alma was built in 2003. With a range of new antenna, Alma can look deeper into space and observe clearly the star formation process in detail never before.
When the second antenna 20 is operating at full capacity at Alma also recorded events never seen before.
Observatory in southern Europe, one of the executive body Alma, has published the first photo taken by Alma. These photos show the collision between two galaxies, known as the Antennae galaxies.
The giant constellation can be seen with optical telescopes, such as the Hubble telescope. Alma, however, because no set of light seen with the naked eye, can "cross" over the special cold gas from which new stars are formed
Researchers expect what?
Alma light observed at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths.At these wavelengths, astronomers can understand the swirling air in the infancy of the universe, more than 13 billion years ago, to form the first stars "light up" the universe.
The cosmologists have been many theories about what happened during this period. And now that the astronomers can see firsthand what this theory is right or wrong.
Alma could also help scientists see the formation of planets around distant stars. One of the first project is based study of very young stars, called AU Microscopii, is "old" age of only 1% of our sun.
Astronomers are also studying a work around other young stars, which are 400 light years, so this star may have formed dozens of planets like Jupiter in size.
One other promising projects is to study the supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy, called Sagittarius. The dust particles can cause optical telescopes can not be observed, but when using Alma, astronomers will be able to see this mysterious black hole, a clear way, not seen before.
In addition, a group of Japanese researchers proposed to use for research Alma bank glistening strip called Himiko, is creating the material equivalent to 100 solar year, while around it almost nothing happens. Scientists hope to be able to see Alma processes occurring deep within the nebula of it.
In addition to ambitious scientific projects Alma was a great scientific achievement. Astronomers have Alma described as "The Pyramid of the 21st century."
Each antenna is connected to each other carefully and the parts were taken from a series of high-tech companies around the globe.Then they are transported carefully to the plateau, to the position with a large 28-wheel trucks.
According to the BBC