Jews around the world, religious and secular, among them the nearly six million living in Israel, starting today commemorated the "Rosh Hashanah" or New Year, according to the Hebrew calendar is 5772 since the creation of world.
The festival, which runs for two days with which compliance is contained in the Leviticus, will begin at sunset today and ends at nightfall on Friday.The Jewish New Year is marked by tasting sweets, a symbol of good wishes for the coming year, as well as the sound of the "shofar", one of the oldest musical instruments of humanity, made with a twisted horn, usually a ram, which is usually played after the morning prayers.
The "Rosh Hashanah" is beginning to celebrate the eve of the Hebrew month "Tishrei" according to an ancient tradition in which the date was announced from Jerusalem to all communities through fires.
His memorial is the beginning of a series of days, the "Yamim Noraim" or ten "terrible days" which are those that pass between the New Year and the "Yom Kippur", the most solemn of the Jewish calendar, atonement top and in which God, according to tradition, decides who will be enrolled in the "Book of Life."
"The Rosh Hashanah is a mixture (of joy and solemnity). Not just a day that untemos apple in honey to have a sweet year. It is not just a party," said Moses, an American student is in Israel in a year of study at a rabbinical seminary.Explains who is also "a day of internal debate" about the events of last year, "a day of hope."
During this week and a half of spiritual reflection, it is customary to listen to religious Jews greet each other with the blessing "Hatim Gmar tovah" with the neighbor to be a good entry in the divine book.Another Orthodox tradition is to go tomorrow, Thursday, sources of water such as seas, rivers or springs to read the verses and prayers that "throw" chunks of bread to symbolically rid of "the sins and immorality" of the year over.
At dinner ritual, which takes place tonight, taste apples are usually embedded in honey, to sweeten the next year, and pomegranates, dates, pumpkin, peas and leek, while avoiding bitter foods.It also serves a small piece of head or neck of an animal, to be "head and tail" of the people.
Many people often do in the last days or examination of conscience "Heshbon nefesh" and apologized to those friends and family who believe they are damaged in 5771.
"It's a time when I think about my life and where I decide what I want to change for next year," said Naamah, a young musician of 30 years.The festival usually accompanied by long hours of prayers in synagogues, in which more orthodox faithful seek atonement for their sins before God, even if they were committed or not intentionally.
However, secular Israelis began a holiday period like Christmas in traditionally Christian countries, where several festivals are linked to the last of the celebrations of the season, "Sukkot" or "Feast of Tabernacles" which this year falls between 12 and 19 October.
For years now, to enhance security, the Israeli army closed the border crossings with Gaza and the West Bank because of these and other holidays, a move that came into effect after midnight and will last until Sunday at dawn.The closure will be effective again in the Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement, 7 and 8 October, and during the eight days of the Feast of Tabernacles, which ends the cycle of Jewish festivals earlier this year.
New Year's Eve, the Central Bureau of Statistics of Israel has released population data of the Jewish state, which now has 7.79 million people, of which 5.8 million are Jews, 1.6 of Arab origin, and 217 thousand foreign workers residing in the country is not counted among minorities.
Also on the occasion of the anniversary Hebrew, the Israeli state president,, congratulated the Jewish communities in the Diaspora in a message that states that "next year will be a crucial period for Israel, for the entire region and the world."
Speaking of the situation of the stalled peace process between Israelis and Palestinians, and the aspirations of the latter to achieve recognition as a UN member state, Peres called for "working to build bridges and close the differences between the two (villages ) "