September 8, 2011--
The International Criminal Court (ICC) has requested that Interpol assist in arresting former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and his sons, Seif al-Islam and Senussi, for crimes against humanity, his office said Thursday.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 188 member countries. Created in 1923, it facilitates cross-border police co-operation, and supports and assists all organizations, authorities and services whose mission is to prevent or combat international crime.
INTERPOL aims to facilitate international police co-operation even where diplomatic relations do not exist between particular countries. Action is taken within the limits of existing laws in different countries and in the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. INTERPOL’s constitution prohibits ‘any intervention or activities of a political, military, religious or racial character.’
France 24 reports, “War crimes court prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo has asked Interpol to help with the arrest of fugitive former Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi for crimes against humanity, his office said Thursday.
The prosecutor is also requesting so-called red notices for the arrest of one of Kadhafi's sons Seif al-Islam and his intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi, it said in a press release issued in The Hague.
."The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, is requesting Interpol to issue a red notice to arrest Moamer Kadhafi for the alleged crimes against humanity of murder and persecution," it said.
An Interpol Red Notice is not an international arrest warrant.
These Interpol 'Red Notices' represent only a tiny fraction of the number of red notices issued by Interpol.
The persons concerned are wanted by national jurisdictions (or the International Criminal Tribunals, where appropriate) and Interpol's role is to assist the national police forces in identifying or locating those persons with a view to their arrest and extradition.
These red notices allow the warrant to be circulated worldwide with the request that the wanted person be arrested with a view to extradition.
A distinction is drawn between two types of red notice: the first type is based on an arrest warrant and is issued for a person wanted for prosecution; the second type is based on a court decision for a person wanted to serve a sentence.