Starved in the Sud Somali Bay region due to drought and more people, shared with the United Nations. Now the death toll had exceeded a critical threshold. So that now prevails in six areas of the East African country, of a famine in the capital Mogadishu.
In July and August, five regions had been declared, particularly in southern Somalia to famine areas. A famine is then declared if at least 20 percent of the residents still have little access to food, 30 percent are classified malnourished and dying every day more than two in 10,000 people from hunger and its consequences as much.
Hunger leads to epidemics
"Tens of thousands of people have already starved to death, more than half of them children," reported on Monday (09/05/2011) The Food and Agriculture Organization FAO in Kenya's capital Nairobi. Some 750,000 Somalis are facing a near-starvation, had a total of four million people in the civil war country in urgent need of food aid to survive. The UN experts have warned that the famine could spread even further. Fewer and fewer Somalis can not afford the remaining food. In three other regions of the East African country still does not prevail everywhere hunger, but an increasing proportion of the population is already severely malnourished.
Now already twenty-year-old civil war and the presence of the radical-Islamist Al-Schabaab-militia make the situation in Somalia particularly dramatic. The Al Schabaab forbid the entrance to the needy ones to most international relief organizations. According to data of the UN-agency for humanitarian assistance OCHA humans in the area die ever more frequently also at sticking on diseases. Epidemics spread faster, if humans were weakened by malnutrition. The expected rain time could lead to a further disease wave, warns the experts. Under normal conditions there is a rain time of October in Somalia until December, second in the spring.
The largest refugee camp of the world
“The international auxiliary community should prepare for the fact that to end of the year 550,000 refugees in Dadaab live, warned” the chairman of the relief organization Care, Heribert Scharrenbroich, in Berlin. Likewise many humans could fall the famine at the horn from Africa to the victim. The refugee camp Dadaab in the Kenyan border area to Somalia is laid out for 90.000 humans, in the meantime lives there more than 420,000 refugees. And daily about 1200 further are added.
The crisis may had not yet reached its peak, said Scharrenbroich. He criticized that were previously required only about two-thirds of the United Nations, 2.5 billion dollars (1.77 billion euros) pledged. Only the emergency must be maintained, given the dramatic development of the famine until the spring of 2012.